Beer is one of the oldest and most popular drinks in the world. It is made from grains, hops, yeast, and water. There are many different types of beer, each with its own unique flavor and characteristics. German pilsners give off a pale golden color and a crunchy taste, while Czech pilsners are slightly darker with greater bitterness.
Most types of beer are classified as lagers or ales. Lagers are made with yeast that ferments on the bottom of the beer mixture, and ales are made with yeast that ferments on top. In addition to the yeast used to make lagers and ales, there are yeasts that ferment spontaneously, which produce wild or acidic beers. For drinkers, taste is the key distinction between lager and ale beers. Lagers tend to be crunchy and dry, with a special ability to quench thirst.
Ales are made with yeast strains that prefer to ferment in a warmer environment close to room temperature. They have a sweeter taste than lagers and often have a fruity aroma. Porters and stouts are dark black beers with an aroma of roasted malt. Blond beers have a pale color and a clear body, while American Pale Ales (APAs) are hoppier than traditional English pale ales.
Pilsners are a type of lager beer that is known for its light gold color, transparent body, and crunchy finish. Bitter beers are made from wild yeasts and have a sour taste that goes well with tropical fruits and spices. Lager yeast ferments at low temperatures and sinks to the bottom of the liquid as it works its magic. Ale yeast ferments at higher temperatures and floats on the surface while it does its job. Hybrid beers combine brewing practices for both lagers and ales, for example, they can use ale yeast at higher temperatures, or vice versa.
American Pale Ale began to emerge around 1980, when American hop varieties were added to the already popular pale ale style. Whether you're looking for a light summer beer or a dark winter ale, there's something for everyone in the world of beer. Our comprehensive guide to beer types and styles has all the answers you need to make an informed decision about what type of beer you want to drink.