Beer has been a popular beverage for centuries, and it has been associated with a variety of health benefits. Recent studies have suggested that moderate beer consumption can be beneficial for overall heart health, reduce the risk of developing kidney stones, and even improve cognitive performance. However, it is important to note that excessive consumption of beer can have negative health consequences. In terms of heart health, one study showed that one drink a day reduced the risk of all-cause mortality in women and that up to two beers a day produced the same results in men.
Moderate alcohol consumption in healthy adults usually means up to one drink a day for women and up to two drinks a day for men. Additionally, a recent study found that men and women who reported drinking a moderate* amount of beer reduced the risk of developing a stone by 41 percent. Beers that contain a lot of hops, such as pale ale beers, are rich in phytochemicals that promote kidney health. In terms of cognitive performance, people with a slight beer hum solved puzzles faster than their sober counterparts.
The highest protection against cardiovascular disease observed in one study (a 33% risk reduction) was seen with a consumption level of 25 g of alcohol per day (approximately one pint of beer). A meta-analysis of 15 original prospective cohort studies that followed 369,862 participants for an average of 12 years found a 30% reduction in the risk of type 2 diabetes with moderate alcohol consumption (0.5-4 drinks a day). The antioxidant content of beer is equivalent to that of wine, but the specific antioxidants are different because barley and hops used in beer production contain flavonoids different from those of grapes used in wine production. Overall, moderate beer consumption can be beneficial for overall heart health, reduce the risk of developing kidney stones, and even improve cognitive performance.
However, it is important to note that excessive consumption of beer can have negative health consequences such as an increased risk of premature death, alcohol dependence, depression, liver disease, weight gain, and cancer. To reduce the risk of negative health consequences, it is better to limit intake to no more than one standard drink per day for women and two for men.