Initially, beer gardens were an extension of the brewery. Wineries became places for breweries to ferment and sell their beers.
The breweries set up long tables and benches and called this space the brewery's “beer garden”.. The term beer garden (Biergarten) has become a generic term for outdoor establishments where beer is served.
The features of a traditional beer garden include trees, wooden benches, a gravel bed, and freshly prepared meals. Some modern beer gardens use plastic chairs, fast food, and other variations of the traditional beer garden. The first outdoor breweries in the United States appeared in the 19th century, thanks to a wave of German immigrants. The gardens of the United States were much like those of the Old World, which were sprawling establishments suitable for spending lazy Sunday evenings with family or engaging in conversations with friendly strangers.
Germany's beer gardens were originally created after beer brewing was banned during the summer months due to repeated brewery fires. Breweries responded to the ban by digging cellars near river banks to keep their beer cold until they needed it in summer and to give their lager-type beers the right conditions to ferment properly. Breweries further cooled these wineries by spreading gravel on the ground and planting leafy shade trees. In essence, the Biergartens are a place to drink beer in community at tables outside a brewery.
But the Bayerische Biergartenverordnung, a 1999 law, decreed that Biergartens are officially a central part of Bavarian culture. What sets them apart from other “Biergartens” in Germany is that you can bring your own FOOD to a Bavarian Biergarten. The lieutenant governor of Wisconsin, one of the states where outdoor breweries were established for the first time, personally attacked his fellow Americans of German descent, stating that “no German in the war is conspiring against the peace and happiness of the United States more than Pabst, Schlitz, Blatz, Miller and others of his kind.”. At tables in the shade of a Biergarten, people can get together, enjoy a beer and maybe something to eat, and enjoy each other's company.
These five names are hugely popular, but you don't realize all the beer gardens available in Munich and Germany. In addition to classic cocktail bars, the new beer gardens are inspired by the past to create a modern beverage scene steeped in nostalgia and create a lens for understanding America's drinking past. It wasn't long before tables and chairs appeared in these pleasant environments, and the beer gardens grew to house thousands of people who gathered to listen to music, talk about politics, play chess, or just relax in the sun. Regardless of how civilized and pleasant these beer gardens sound to us today, they clashed with the temperance movement and with the attitude of many Americans that alcohol was the devil's potion and a social plague that should be eradicated from the nation.
Joseph of Bavaria, dated 1812-01-04, which allowed local brewers to serve their beer in ice cellars, but it contained no food other than bread. Beer, which had grown in popularity throughout the 19th century, partly as a result of German immigrants and their beer gardens, was a goal. Although its trees were originally planted to protect beer from the sun, they now provide shade for customers who come to enjoy a cold beer by the river. Open-air breweries originated in Bavaria, of which Munich is the capital, in the 19th century, and are still common in southern Germany.
Other temperance advocates were more ambivalent about beer, focusing their efforts on hard liquor, and treating beer and wine as something in their own category. These cellars, which were normally about 40 feet deep, were used to store beer brewed during the winter so that people would have something to drink between the dry months of May and September. We usually associate an open-air tavern as a small patio where people can drink outside a venue or restaurant. But are they Biergartens? Or Beer Gardens? Is it just a place next to a brewery with tables? Is it an excavated patio next to a bar? Is this the place where gardeners plant beer bottles and hope for the best? What exactly is a Biergarten? And what makes them so special? For 200 years, the Munich Biergartens have been a welcoming place for everyone, regardless of age or financial situation.